Bipolar Disorder

Posted on June 19, 2009

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Pengen sharing sedikit ttg Bipolar Disorder..

Awalnya gara2 iseng klik link ttg mental disorder yang ada di blog Ano, yaitu di sini dan di sini. (Boleh dicoba jika tertarik…).  Saya coba2 beberapa quizzes, dan ada hasil yang mengejutkan dari quiz Bipolar Disorder, dimana skor yang didapat cukup signifikan… karena masih awam dengan hal beginian, akhirnya saya cari2 info di wiki dan beberapa situs lainnya. Ini beberapa penjelasan yang saya dapatkan…

Apa itu Bipolar Disorder?

Menurut Wikipedia (yg paling mudah tentunya), mengatakan:

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression, manic depressive disorder or bipolar affective disorder, is a psychiatric diagnosis that describes a category of mood disorders defined by the presence of one or more episodes of abnormally elevated mood clinically referred to as mania or, if milder, hypomania. Individuals who experience manic episodes also commonly experience depressive episodes or symptoms, or mixed episodes in which features of both mania and depression are present at the same time. These episodes are usually separated by periods of “normal” mood, but in some individuals, depression and mania may rapidly alternate, known as rapid cycling. Extreme manic episodes can sometimes lead to psychotic symptoms such as delusions and hallucinations. The disorder has been subdivided into bipolar I, bipolar II, cyclothymia, and other types, based on the nature and severity of mood episodes experienced; the range is often described as the bipolar spectrum.

Jika di translasikan sekilas, Bipolar Disorder adalah kelainan mood yang dialami seseorang, di mana perubahan moodnya bisa berganti secara cepat. Terkadang bisa sangat bahagia, namun sesaat kemudian bisa nge-drop tiba-tiba, tanpa ada alasan yg spesifik.

bipolar_severityPola perubahan mood penderita Bipolar Disorder adalah seperti gambar ini:

bipolar_cycling_psychcentral

Terkadang banyak yang salah mempersepsikan Bipolar Disorder sebagai schizophrenia.

Siapa yang dapat menderita Bipolar Disorder?

Semua orang dapat menderita Bipolar. Ada yang melalui genetik (turunan), ada pula yg datang dari faktor lingkungan dan masa kecil. Apapun jenis kelaminnya dan usianya.

Genetics and one’s family history appear to both have some influence over the likelihood of being diagnosed with bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder is more common in those who have a sibling or parent with the illness and in families having several generations affected with mood disorders.

Penyebab Bipolar Disorder.

1. Faktor genetik (turunan)

Bipolar disorder tends to be familial, meaning that it “runs in families.” About half the people with bipolar disorder have a family member with a mood disorder, such as depression.

2. Faktor Neurochemical

Bipolar disorder is primarily a biological disorder that occurs in a specific area of the brain and is due to the dysfunction of certain neurotransmitters, or chemical messengers, in the brain. These chemicals may involve neurotransmitters like norepinephrine, serotonin and probably many others. As a biological disorder, it may lie dormant and be activated on its own or it may be triggered by external factors such as psychological stress and social circumstances.

3. Faktor lingkungan

  • A life event may trigger a mood episode in a person with a genetic disposition for bipolar disorder.
  • Even without clear genetic factors, altered health habits, alcohol or drug abuse, or hormonal problems can trigger an episode.

4. Faktor yg dipicu dari obat-obatan

Medications such as antidepressants can trigger a manic episode in people who are susceptible to bipolar disorder. Therefore, a depressive episode must be treated carefully in those people who have had manic episodes. Because a depressive episode can turn into a manic episode when an antidepressant medication is taken, an antimanic drug is also recommended to prevent a manic episode.

Gejala Bipolar Disorder.

Gejala umum dari penderita Bipolar Disorder adalah perubahan mood yang cepat. Terkadang dalam satu mood, dia bisa sangat “high”, dan di mood yg lainnya, dia menjadi sangat “down”.

Gejala saat “high” atau manic, antara lain seperti:

1. Sangat percaya diri

2. Berpikiran sangat kreatif, full of ideas

3. Konsentrasi rendah dan mudah teralihkan

4. Level aktivitasnya meningkat

5. Agresif dan impulsif

dan lainnya….

Sedangkan gejala saat “down” atau depressed, antaranya seperti:

1. Merasa sangat sedih atau tak berdaya (hopeless)

2. Hilang minat terhadap kegiatan2 yg biasa dilakukan

3. Hilang energi, sulit tidur, bangun pagi2 sekali

4. Memiliki perasaan bersalah atau hilang kepercayaan diri

5. berpikiran negatif ttg masa depan

6. berat badan bertambah/berkurang

7. Sering berbicara ttg bunuh diri

dan seterusnya….  (lengkapnya di sini) termasuk dengan fase-fase Bipolar Disorder di sini.

So.. what about you? coba aja test sendiri di di sini dan di sini.

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Untuk link ke-2, I got 48… (huhuhuuu…)

Penjelasannya:

Based upon your responses to this bipolar disorder quiz, you appear to be suffering from moderate to severe symptoms associated with a bipolar disorder. People who have answered similarly to you typically qualify for a diagnosis of Bipolar I Disorder and have sought professional treatment for this disorder. (You may, however, still fit into the less serious diagnosis of Bipolar II Disorder.)

You should not take this as a diagnosis of any sort, or a recommendation for treatment. However, if would be advisable and likely beneficial for you to seek further diagnosis from a trained mental health professional soon to rule out a possible depressive disorder.

waduh…. :D wekekekekek…….

Posted in: Bahasan Umum, My Life